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唐璜 西班牙歌舞剧 Don Juan Flamenco, Spain  

2015-01-23 14:02:56|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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唐璜(Don Juan)是一名西班牙家傳戶曉的一名傳說人物,以英俊瀟洒及風流著稱,一生中周旋無數貴族婦女之間,在文學作品中多被用作「情聖」的代名詞。Flamenco - 娃娃---摄影师 - Jessika Photographer

据传说,唐璜曾诱惑一位来自贵族家庭的少女,并且杀害她的父亲。然后唐璜在进入一處坟场时遇到贵族少女父亲的雕像(幽靈),他邀请其回家以及与他吃晚餐,雕像就高兴地答应那道邀请。贵族少女父亲的幽灵崗薩羅(Don Gonzalo),成為将使唐璜亡命的使者也参加了晚餐。崗薩羅请求与唐璜握手,当唐璜伸臂的时候,他就被拖下至地狱


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多数凭据赞同,史上最初期的唐璜故事书写纪录是提索·德·莫里纳(Tirso de Molina)所撰寫的《塞维利亚骗子与石像客人》(El burlador de Sevilla y convidado de piedra)。各来源顯示的出版年期不一致,可能是从1620年至1625年之中间出版,但其最早于1615年出现在西班牙语版本中。在此书中,唐璜被塑造成一个恬不知耻、玩弄女性的男人,用伪装成她们爱慕者、许诺与其结婚的方式诱骗女性。他的斑斑劣迹留下一大串受伤的心灵和愤怒的丈夫与父亲。最後毫無疑問的崗薩羅招致被殺的命運,随后崗薩羅的鬼魂邀请他参加教堂晚宴,唐璜因不想显得懦弱而接受了邀请。


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根據部分特定的傳說解釋,唐璜的角色可能展現了兩個特定或兩者並存的特質。根據某些敘述,唐璜是個簡單的、好色的花花公子,一個只是簡單的想要玩弄任何女性的好色男子;然而另外一些敘述中,也見到了唐璜其實只不過是個真心喜歡每個他誘惑過的女性的男人,能見到每個女性真正美麗之處與內在的價值是他的天賦。在早期的傳說中總是將他描述為前述的觀點。   
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作為一個家傳戶曉的人物,唐璜的故事先後有莫里哀拜倫蕭伯納莫札特等用作文學及音樂創作題材。 
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莫里哀的《唐璜》

唐璜在莫里哀的同名作品《唐璜》中以主角身份出現,一個充滿誘人魅力,卻厚顏無恥、到處竊玉偷香的西班牙貴族。故事中,情場上數之不盡的勝利與征服麻木了唐璜,使得他喪失了愛的感覺。最後,唐璜落得身陷地獄的結局,卻至死不悔。

其他更多近代關於的唐璜傳說的版本記載於José Zorilla(1817-1893)的 "Don Juan Tenorio" (1844)。這個以劇本形式撰寫的版本中,將唐璜描寫成全然的邪惡形象。
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拜伦的《唐璜》

知名的浪漫主義詩人拜倫(Lord Byron)撰寫了唐璜故事的敘事詩版本,被公認為是他的經典之作。在他有生之年,他並未完成這個作品。這個作品將唐璜描寫成為一位無意識地一次又一次墜入情網。舉例來說在Canto II當中,唐璜遇到船難被沖到一個島上,差點喪命。一個希臘海盜的女兒救了他,這位女性看護他直到他恢復健康為止,其間也發展出愛情的關係。然而,當她的父親自旅程中回來之時,卻感到非常的生氣,並且將唐璜販賣成為奴隸,他被一位喜歡他的女性買去。拜倫筆下的唐璜是個犧牲者多於好色之徒,其行為都來自於他不幸的境遇。

 
Flamenco - 娃娃---摄影师 - Jessika Photographer

其他版本的《唐璜》

一個名為唐璜的劇本於1736年由Carlo Goldoni專寫而成,此為知名的義大利悲劇劇本。

在小說《歌劇魅影》(The Phantom of the Opera)中,由Phantom所撰寫歌劇取名為“Don Juan Triumphant”。 
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Don Juan (Spanish), Don Giovanni (Italian) is a legendary, fictional libertine whose story has been told many times by many authors. El burlador de Sevilla y convidado de piedra (The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest) by Tirso de Molina is a play set in the fourteenth century that was published in Spain around 1630. Evidence suggests it is the first written version of the Don Juan legend. Among the best-known works about this character today are Molière's play Dom Juan ou le Festin de pierre (1665), Byron's epic poem Don Juan (1821), José de Espronceda's poem El estudiante de Salamanca (1840) and José Zorrilla's play Don Juan Tenorio(1844). Along with Zorrilla's work (still performed every year on November 2nd throughout the Spanish-speaking world), arguably the best-known version is Don Giovanni, an opera composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozartwith libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, first performed in Prague in 1787 (with Giacomo Casanova probably in the audience) and itself the source of inspiration for works by E. T. A. HoffmannAlexander PushkinS?ren KierkegaardGeorge Bernard Shaw, and Albert Camus.

Don Juan is used synonymously for "womanizer", especially in Spanish slang, and is often used in reference to hypersexuality. This is evident in William Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing. 
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Although the various literations of the Don Juan myth show some variation, the basic storyline remains the same. Starting with Tirso's work, Don Juan is portrayed as a wealthy, seductive libertine who devotes his life to seducing women, taking great pride in his ability to seduce women of all ages and stations in life. His life is also punctuated with violence and gambling, and in many interpretations (Tirso, Espronceda, Zorrilla), he kills Don Gonzalo, the father of a girl he has seduced, Do?a Ana. This leads to the famous last supper scene, whereby Don Juan invites the father to dinner. The ending depends on which version of the legend one is reading. Tirso's original play was meant as religious parable against Don Juan's sinful ways, and ends with his death, having been denied salvation by God. Other authors and playwrights would interpret the ending in their own fashion. Espronceda's Don Felix walks into hell and to his death of his own volition, whereas Zorrilla's Don Juan asks for, and receives, a divine pardon. The figure of Don Juan has inspired many modern interpretations. 
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